World’s fourth major railway system, Indian Railways is the course length of approximately 60,000km. Nothing to compete the experience of climbing up the hills and if you have little spare time and enjoy the scenic beauty, then take a slow toy train which moves at the speed of 20-25 kms per hour up to the hill resorts of Shimla, Ooty, Darjeeling or Matheran.
The first train on the Indian sub-continent ran over a distance of nearly 21 miles, from Bombay to Thane on 16th April 1853. Mr. George Clark the Chief Engineer of the Bombay Government, at some point in his visit to Bhandup in 1843 revealed the thought of linking Bombay with Thane, Kalyan and with the Thal and Bhore Ghats.there were some small efforts which were put in developing the railway tracks all around the country and by the year 1880 Indian railways had a route mileage of approximately 9000 miles and in due course developed into a network of railway lines all over the country.
Production Unit of Engines.
Immediately after Independence, Indian Railways established their own units for the production of diesel engines, electric engines, coaches, wheels and axles, springs etc.
Indian Railways developed at a very rapid speed and also takes the acclaim for the introduction of an “Underground Metro Railway” for Calcutta. The entire way from Dum Dum to Tollygunge was specially made and started for viable operations in 1995.
Future Plan of Indian Railways
1. Indian Railways intends to meet up the challenge through the accomplishment of the following important areas during the Ninth Plan stage:
2. Creation of sufficient rail transportation capability for managing rising goods and travelers traffic, with extraordinary stress on the improvement of terminals.
Most modern design solid sleepers, contemporary rail fastenings and head toughened rails are being employed to toughen the track. Track protection is being ever more automated to perk up the superiority and to diminish the price and time for safeguarding.
o For increasing the safety, supplementary warning systems, route relay interconnection, solid state interlocking, and track circuiting are being introduced in the system. Upgrading of telecommunications as well as steady switching over from the analogue system to a digital system is being increasingly implemented. Railways are also commencing a worldwide train radio message system between drivers, guards and the nearby station to facilitate instant reaction in case of crisis and mishaps.